Material which impairs the living system into which it is discarded. The disruption of material flows may be due to the materials being alien to the ecology into which they are discharged, and/or in excess of what the ecology can cope with. Pollution is what happens when there is failure of the principle of the closed-loop system, whose parts exchange and use their respective wastes. The aim—and ultimately, the requirement—of the resilient political economy of the future will be to sustain closed-loop systems which waste none of the foundation capital on which they depend.P46


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Sustainability, Lean Materials, Genetic Modification, Nanotechnology.

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David Fleming
Dr David Fleming (2 January 1940 – 29 November 2010) was a cultural historian and economist, based in London, England. He was among the first to reveal the possibility of peak oil's approach and invented the influential TEQs scheme, designed to address this and climate change. He was also a pioneer of post-growth economics, and a significant figure in the development of the UK Green Party, the Transition Towns movement and the New Economics Foundation, as well as a Chairman of the Soil Association. His wide-ranging independent analysis culminated in two critically acclaimed books, 'Lean Logic' and 'Surviving the Future', published posthumously in 2016. These in turn inspired the 2020 launches of both BAFTA-winning director Peter Armstrong's feature film about Fleming's perspective and legacy - 'The Sequel: What Will Follow Our Troubled Civilisation?' - and Sterling College's unique 'Surviving the Future: Conversations for Our Time' online courses. For more information on all of the above, including Lean Logic, click the little globe below!

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