A symbol of the limits to the ability of argument to make sense of things, in the presence of the big facts of nature. The hippopotamus in this sense comes from the Book of Job in which, after a lot of argument, God speaks from the whirlwind and draws the chattering intellectuals’ attention to the facts of nature, heavy with energy and charisma: the lion, the thunder, Orion’s Belt, the whale who makes the sea boil, and the battle horse who, having swallowed the ground with fierceness and rage, “saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.”

But even this show is stolen by God’s invitation to “Behold the Behemoth”.

Scholars are undecided as to whether this is a hippopotamus or an elephant. Anyway, it is big, its bones are like iron, it can drink a river, and it cuts short overlong debate, living proof of David Hume’s observation that “Nature will always maintain her rights, and prevail in the end over any abstract reasoning whatsoever.”H18

These are hard times for a civilisation that has long been, or felt, in control of the whole of itself and its environment, and which can choose what it means by justice. The possibility that transformations in our ethical standards may be forced on us is shocking. But the whirlwind which is now approaching seems to be asking us something: “Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?”

At this point, the best thing to do is to behold the hippopotamus.H19


Related entries:

Ironic Space, Reflection, Metamorphosis.

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David Fleming
Dr David Fleming (2 January 1940 – 29 November 2010) was a cultural historian and economist, based in London, England. He was among the first to reveal the possibility of peak oil's approach and invented the influential TEQs scheme, designed to address this and climate change. He was also a pioneer of post-growth economics, and a significant figure in the development of the UK Green Party, the Transition Towns movement and the New Economics Foundation, as well as a Chairman of the Soil Association. His wide-ranging independent analysis culminated in two critically acclaimed books, 'Lean Logic' and 'Surviving the Future', published posthumously in 2016. These in turn inspired the 2020 launches of both BAFTA-winning director Peter Armstrong's feature film about Fleming's perspective and legacy - 'The Sequel: What Will Follow Our Troubled Civilisation?' - and Sterling College's unique 'Surviving the Future: Conversations for Our Time' online courses. For more information on all of the above, including Lean Logic, click the little globe below!

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